18 Apr 2017 – Hereford Market Place and Cathedral

Owen Tudor

Monument on the ground at the location of Owen Tudor’s execution in Hereford Market Place after his capture at the Battle of Mortimer’s Cross 02 Feb 1461. Somewhat incongruously located at the site of the former market cross now between the children’s roundabout and the baked potato stall.

Owen Tudor married Catherine Valois Queen Consort England around 1433. They are believed to have had three children: Edmund, Jasper and David Owen.

Catherine of Valois was the former queen of Henry V; widowed aged twenty-one 31 Aug 1422.

There were rumours that she and Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset were engaged in an affair around 1427. Around that time Parliament enacted a law preventing Catherine’s marriage without approval from the King.

Both Edmund and Jasper were born in secret from court in manor’s belonging to the Bishop of London and the Bishop of Ely respectively.

Curious that Owen and Catherine’s first son was named Edmund. Curious also that their second son was named Jasper meaning Keeper of the Treasure; a name unique in English history? Curious that their third son, who became a monk, whereas both Edmund and Jasper were elevated to the peerage, was named David Owen after his father?

Curious that both Edmund and Jasper Tudor used the royal arms of Plantagenet rather than their father’s Tudor arms. Edmund and Jasper differenced their arms with a bordure of fleur-de-lys and martlets, and marlets only, respectively. Martlets used previously by William Valence 1st Earl Pembroke who was the son of the dowager Isabella Angouleme Queen Consort England, former wife of King John.

Buried in Greyfriar’s Church, Hereford (now destroyed) his son David paid for his tomb. Edmund by this time was already dead. Jasper had also fought at Mortimer’s Cross but managed to escape. He travelled to France with the young future Henry VII in 1462 being welcomed by the recently crowned Louis “Father of the People” XI King France

Richard Pembridge

Camail and Jupon Period

Sir Richard Pembridge fought during the early stage Hundred Years War at the Battle of Sluys, Battle of Crecy and Battle of Poitiers.

He was rewarded by being appointed the forty fifth Knight of the Garter by Edward III; note the garter on his left leg.

Bishop Robert of Losinga

Robert of Losinga (Lorraine aka Lotharinga). Died 1095.

Monument Brass to Richard de la Bere

And his two wives and twenty-one children. Five times sheriff of Herefordshire.

Humphrey de Bohun

Camail and Jupon Period

Confusingly reported as the husband of Joanna Plugenet below. It isn’t clear which Humphrey Bohun this is?

Tomb of Joanna Plugenet of Kilpeck

(Possibly) Joanna married Henry Bohun who was killed by Robert the Bruce at Bannockburn.

Coat of Arms left is Bohun. Coat of Arms right, ermine bend indented gules, Pye formerly Kilpec.

On the death of his father’s cousin Humphrey Bohun 7th Earl Hereford, 6th Earl Essex, 2nd Earl Northampton the Earldon should have passed in the male line. However, it was divided between Humphrey’s daughter’s Eleanor and Mary who had married into the Plantagenet family. Joanna should, therefore, have been Countess of Hereford?

Tomb of Bishop Thomas Cantilupe

Tomb of Bishop Pete of Aigueblanche

Immediately in front of his tomb may be seen the tomb of his brother John de Aigueblanc (or Aquablanca) who was Dean of Hereford from 1253 to 1262.

Effigy of Bishop James Atlay

Sculpted by James Forsyth 1827-1910.

James and his wife are buried in the churchyard.

Wood carving in the Choir

22 Sep 2017 – Exeter Cathedral

22 Sep 2017 – Exeter Cathedral

Lady Chapel

Ceiling St Gabriel’s Chapel

Detail of Memorial to Dorothy Bampfield

Memorial to Sir John Gilbert and Elizabeth Chudleigh

Memorial to Hugh Courtenay 10th Earl Devon and Margaret Bohun

Her feet resting on Swans, the Bohun family crest.

24 Sep 2017 – Christchurch Priory, Christchurch, Dorset

24 Sep 2017 – Christchurch Priory, Christchurch, Dorset

Memorial to Corisande Emma Bennet

Sculpted by A Trentanove.

Daughter of Charles, 05 Earl of Tankerville, and Corisande, daughter of the Duke of Gramont.

Born 10 Aug 1803, died 17 May 1876.

Corisande is buried at St Peter’s, Bournemouth.

Memorial to Harriet Susan, Viscountess Fitzharris

Sculpted by John Flaxman 1755-1826.

Daughter of Francis Bateman Dashwood. Died 04 Sep 1815 aged 32.

Wife of James Edward, Viscount Fitzharris, subsequently 02 Earl Malmesbury.

Memorial to Fanny White-White

Memorial to Sir Donald Bailey

Memorial to Sir Donald Bailey, inventor of the Bailey Bridge which, as written by Field Marshall Montgomery: made an immense contribution towards ending World War II. As far as my own operations were concerned, with the eighth Army in Italy and with the 21 Army Group in North West Europe, I could never have maintained the speed and tempo of forward movement without large supplies of Bailey Bridging.

Sir Donald Bailey is buried at St Peter’s, Bournemouth.

Memorial to Percy Bysshe Shelley

Sculpted by Henry Weekes 1807-1877.

Memorial to Percy Bysshe Shelley originally intended for Rome where his ashes are interred in the Protestant Burial Ground.

And to Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, his wife, whose remains are interred with those of her father William Godwin and her mother Mary Wollstonecraft in the churchyard at St Peter’s, Bournemouth.

Verse forty of fifty-five of Shelley’s Adonaïs: An Elegy on the Death of John Keats, Author of Endymion, Hyperion, etc:

He has out-soared the shadow of our night;

Envy and calumny, and hate and pain,

And that unrest which men miscall delight,

Can touch him not and torture not again;

From the contagion of the world’s slow stain

He is secure, and now can never mourn

A heart grown cold, a head grown gray in vain;

Nor when the spirit’s self has ceased to burn,

With sparkless ashes load an unlamented urn.

25 Sep 2017 – Salisbury Cathedral

25 Sep 2017 – Salisbury Cathedral

Robert Hungerford 2nd Baron Hungerford

Robert Hungerford 2nd Baron Hungerford served in the latter stages of the Hundred Year’s War.

His father fought at Battle of Agincourt and became a prominent member of the court of Henry VI King England, II King France, attending Henry’s coronation at Notre Dame, Paris 16 Dec 1461.

His son Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford played a prominent role in the Wars of the Roses on the Lancastrian side eventually being captured at the Battle of Hexham and subsequently beheaded at Newcastle on Tyne.

Salisbury Cathedral formerly contained the Hungerford Chantry that was demolished during restorations in 1790. The Hungerford Chapel contained the remains of Robert, his father and mother, and his son.

This particularly fine effigy in alabaster was relocated to the Nave.

William “Longsword” Longespée 3rd Earl Salisbury

Illegitimate son of Henry “Curtmantle” II King England and Ida Tosny; half-brother to Richard “Lionheart” I King England and John “Lackland” I King England.

William played a significant role in the Baron’s Wars, siding with the Crown.

Believed to have been poisoned by Hubert Burgh 1st Earl Kent. When his tomb was opened 1791 the well-preserved corpse of a rat was found to have traces of arsenic in its skull.

Richard Beauchamp Bishop Hereford, Bishop Salisbury

Bishop Salisbury 1450-1481.

Fourth cousin to the better known Earls of Warwick Beauchamps. Richard’s father was Speaker of the House of Commons. His elder brother the father of John 01 Baron Beauchamp Powick.

Bishop John Wordsworth

Sculpted by George Frampton 1860-1928.

Bishop Walter Kerr Hamilton

Edmund Tuchet Bishop Rochester, Bishop Hereford, Bishop Salisbury

Son of James Tuchet 5th Baron Audley of Heighley in Staffordshire and Eleanor Holland.

Eleanor Holland the daughter of Edmund Holland, 04 Duke of Kent, and Constance of York, grand-daughter of Edward II; Eleanor was illegitimate.

Eleanor was, then, a great great great grand-daughter of Edward I on her father’s side, and a great grand-daughter of Edward III on her mother’s side.

Living to eighty-one Edmund did well to avoid the fate of his brother Humphrey Tuchet and nephew James Tuchet 7th Baron Audley of Heighley in Staffordshire, both of whom were executed during the Wars of the Roses, and his father who was killed at the Battle of Blore Heath.

26 Sep 2017 – Hospital of St Cross, Winchester

26 Sep 2017 – Hospital of St Cross, Winchester

Brethren’s Hall

St Cross Church Interior

Memorial Chapel

The Memorial Chapel is dedicated to those of the parish killed during The Great War.

The Memorial Chapel designed by Arthur Blomfield. The finished memorial modifed by Thomas Graham Jackson.

Statue of St George

Sculpted by George Frampton 1860-1928.

Floor Tiles and Memorials

Memorial to Charles Wolfran Cornwall

Charles Wolfran Cornwall

Memorial to Charles George Edric Clowes

Charles George Edric Clowes, Lieutenant of the King’s Royal Rifles, killed in action aged twenty-two 15 Feb 1915, Ypres (nb a number of records state 18 Feb 1915).

Born 28 Feb 1892 in the parish of St Faith (for which Holy Cross is the parish Church), baptised in the Church of the St Cross, educated Eton.

Buried Bailleul Communial Cemetry, Nord (just inside France near the border with Belgium, nine miles south-west of Ypres).

Exterior

27 Sep 2017 – Winchester Catherdal

27 Sep 2017 – Winchester Catherdal

Chantry Chapel of Richard Foxe Bishop Exeter, Bishop Bath and Wells, Bishop Durham, Bishop Winchester

Chantry Chapel of Henry Beaufort

Choir

North Aisle

Memorial to Jane Austen

Jane Austen

Memorial to Reverend Frederic Iremonger

Sculpted by Bertram McKennal 1863-1931.

Reverend Frederic Iremonger

Memorial to General Sir Redvers Henry Buller VC

Sculpted by Bertram McKennal 1863-1931.

Redvers Henry Buller VC

Memorial to Lieutenant General Sir George Prevost

Sculpted by Francis Leggatt Chantrey 1781-1841.

Lieutenant General Sir George Prevost

28 Sep 2017 – Dorchester Priory, Oxfordshire

28 Sep 2017 – Dorchester Priory, Oxfordshire

William “The Younger” Valence

Early Medieval. Crossed Legs.

Half-nephew of Henry of Winchester III King England. Henry’s mother Isabella Angouleme Queen Consort England, wife of John “Lackland” I King England, was also the mother of William Valence’s father, also, William.

Killed at the Battle of Llandeilo Fawr 17 Jun 1282

A particularly fine effigy with some remnants of its original colouring.

Hugh Segrave Lord Keeper of the Great Seal, Lord Treasurer

Camail and Jupon Period

(Probably) The son of John 2nd Baron Segrave and Christiana Plessey. Christiana’s father was Hugh Plessey.

Lord Keeper of the Great Seal and Lord Treasurer (after his predecessor Robert Hales had been killed during the Peasant’s Revolt). One of a number of regents during the minority of Richard II King England

General

Sarah Fletcher

The sad story of Sarah Fletcher. Having waited years for her husband to return from sea she discovered him in the process of marrying another woman, bigamously, driving her to suicide. The church agreed she had ‘Died a Martyr to Excessive Sensibility’ allowing her to be buried in consecrated ground.

Her ghost is said to haunt their family home Courtiers House, Clifton Hampden near Oxford.

28 Sep 2017 – St Mary’s Church, Ewelme, Oxfordshire

28 Sep 2017 – St Mary’s Church, Ewelme, Oxfordshire

Alice Chaucer

Note the left Wrist Garter. Alice Chaucer was appointed Lady of the Garter in 1432 by Henry VI King England, II King France (since Henry was eleven years old at the time the appointment is likely to be by one of his uncles: Regent John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford or Protector Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester.

The effigy was, apparently, viewed to determine how a lady should wear the garter at the re-commencement of Lady of the Garter appointments in 1901 after a gap of several hundred years.

A particularly fine example of the Cadaver underneath the chest on which Alice’s effigy lies. Full-length in a shroud.

 

29 Sep 2017 – Worcester Cathedral

Monument to John “Lackland” I King England in the Chancel

Chantry of Arthur Tudor Prince Wales south side of the Choir

Tomb of Gruffydd ap Rhys ap Thomas Deheubarth

Griffith ap Rhys the childhood companion of Arthur Tudor Prince Wales. He was with Arthur in Ludlow in 1502 when Arthur died and travelled with Arthur’s funeral bier from Ludlow to Worcester, and subsequently at Prince Arthur’s Worcester funeral, bearing the Prince’s banner.

Memorial to Charlotte Elizabeth Digby

Sculpted by Francis Leggatt Chantrey 1781-1841.

Daughter of the Honourable Colonel and Lady Lucy Digby (nee Fox-Strangways).

Maid of Honour to Queen Charlotte, wife of George III, 20 Jan 1802 to 02 Jan 1802 (the day before her marriage).

Married her first cousin Reverend William Digby (as his second wife), Prebendary of Worcester, 03 Jan 1803.

Born 07 Aug 1778. Died 03 Sep 1820 at Malvern of rapid consumption (tuberculosis).

Worcester Cathedral Lady Chapel

12 Dec 2017 – St Mary the Virgin Church, Bottesford, Lincolnshire

12 Dec 2017 – St Mary the Virgin Church, Bottesford, Lincolnshire

Monument to Thomas Manners 1st Earl Rutland and his wife Eleanor Paston

St Mary the Virgin, Bottesford, half church, half mausoleum to the Barons Ros and the Earls of Rutland. The entire chancel is filled with monuments that cover a period of nearly four centuries starting with Robert Ros, died 1285, considered by some to be the 1st Baron Ros, to John Manners 8th Earl Rutland, died 1679.

He depicted wearing his Knight of the Gater robes over full plate armour, wearing his now damaged coronet of an Earl, head resting on a tournament helmet complete the Manner’s Peacock Crest and a cap of maintenance.

The tomb was created by Richard Parker of Burton on Trent.

Detail showing the Earl’s Leg Garter.

Monument to Henry Manners 2nd Earl Rutland and his wife Margaret Neville

Middle Tudor Period

Both alabaster effigies appear to have originally had a coronet of an Earl that has since been damaged. His head on a tournament helm, hers on a scroll. He holding a prayer book, she, possibly, a book of hours. An alter table tomb with scultures of the children on the top. His left leg has the garter of a Knight of the Garter.

Henry’s tenure as Earl spanned the reigns of Henry VIII King England and Ireland and his three children: Edward VI King England and Ireland, Mary I Queen England and Ireland, and Elizabeth I Queen England and Ireland.

Detail showing the Earl’s garter below the knee on the left leg

Monument to John Manners 4th Earl Rutland and his wife Elizabeth Charlton

Scultped by Gerard Johanssen.

William Ros 6th Baron Ros Helmsley

Early Plate Period (Bascinet) Period

Wearing conical bascinet helmet with jewelled margin, his head rests on a tournament helm with the Manner’s Peacock Crest. Lancastrian SS Collar.

John Ros 7th Baron Ros Helmsley

Early Plate Period (Bascinet) Period

Wearing conical bascinet helmet with jewelled margin, his head rests on a tournament helm with the Manner’s Peacock Crest (now missing; the feet are remaining). Arse Girdle.